In the UK, roof types and shapes vary in different areas and structures, but the most common types are categorized only in two: the pitched type and the flat roof. These styles of roofing structure can be categorized further. We will only talk over the most common and the other types that are derived or designed based on the two main types of the roofing structure.


The pitched type, or also known as slope roof, has an angle of more than 15 degrees. Most of the pitched type roofs of common homes in the UK have 40 to 50 degrees slope. The steepest angle would be about 70 degrees, nothing more. In areas in the UK that are regularly covered by snow, the pitched type of roof is favored to prevent the snow from building up and would drain easily. Even so, a flat roof is still preferred to be built to protect against strong winds.

Pitched Roof Repair
Flat Roof Repair


A flat roof is not actually the plane-type roof that we are all aware of. Flat roofs are built and designed with a little angle or sloped not greater than 15 degrees. Rainwater would not be able to drain to collection points if a flat roof is not angled or sloped.

In the UK’s urban areas, most of the houses are acquiring the flat roofing structure system. The material used in making flat roofs is made of ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM), which is a very durable roof membrane made of synthetic rubber. The most significant advantage of a flat roofing structure is its durability against strong winds.

Different Major Roof Types

Gable – The gable roof is perhaps the most popular and typical roof type in the cold climate regions of the UK. Taking the form of the inverted V shape, the gable roof type has steep angles but can slope to at least 15 degrees. The peak edge where the horizontal planes meet is called gable. Gable roofs are used in Gregorian-type homes. With a slope steep enough to rainwater flow, the gable is the best against wind and snow.

Gambrel – Resembling a Dutch roof of a barn, the gambrel roof is a two-faced symmetrical type. Each side has two slopes; the upper slope is shallow while the lower slope has a steeper angle.

Hip – Hip roof resembles closely to pyramids. The hip roof has four equal sides, which meet at the peak, forming a uniform ridge. The hip roof also looks like a pavilion, having no vertical ends. The hip roof’s aerodynamic feature makes it good protection against snow and wind.

Mansard – Mansard roof is often confused with the gambrel roof. Mansard roof type also has a double pitch, but its difference with gambrel is that the mansard roof has four sides. Gambrel and mansard are only similar in having a steep and lower slope. Mansard roofs are commonly called French roofs.

Shed – The shed type requires only one gutter, being a mono-pitched roof. The shed type roof is the easiest and simplest to build among roofing projects. Also called pent roof or lean-to roof, the shed type has a roof surface and a single slope.

All roof types are built to keep us warm and safe from any natural hazard. Roofing is very significant in any construction as the integrity of the whole shelter can be compromised if the roof materials are not up to standards. Proper roof insulation is also important to keep the temperature inside and outside of the structure controlled.

Roofers and architects definitely have a better understanding of the most appropriate type of roofing that should be installed over your home. They can show innovativeness on the perfect roof you need without compromising human safety, material quality, and costs.